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What Are the Adjective Agreement Rules for Regular Adjectives in Spanish - Imperial Chess Store

What Are the Adjective Agreement Rules for Regular Adjectives in Spanish

When it comes to learning Spanish, one of the most important topics to master is adjective agreement. Adjectives are an essential component of spoken and written language, as they help us describe and identify people, places, and things. In Spanish, just like in English, adjectives must agree in gender and number with the words they modify. In this article, we will explore the adjective agreement rules for regular adjectives in Spanish.

Gender Agreement

In Spanish, nouns are either masculine or feminine. It is important to note that the gender of a word is not always related to the biological gender of the object it represents. For example, a table (mesa) is feminine in Spanish, while a book (libro) is masculine. Adjectives must agree in gender with the noun they modify. Let`s look at some examples:

– La mesa es grande. (The table is big.) In this sentence, mesa is feminine, and grande (big) must also be feminine.

– El libro es interesante. (The book is interesting.) In this sentence, libro is masculine, and interesante (interesting) must also be masculine.

Number Agreement

In Spanish, nouns can be singular or plural. Adjectives must agree in number with the noun they modify. Let`s look at some examples:

– El perro es pequeño. (The dog is small.) In this sentence, perro (dog) is singular, and pequeño (small) must also be singular.

– Los perros son pequeños. (The dogs are small.) In this sentence, perros (dogs) is plural, and pequeños (small) must also be plural.

Combining Gender and Number Agreement

When a noun is both feminine and plural or masculine and plural, the corresponding adjective must agree in both gender and number. Let`s look at some examples:

– Las manzanas rojas son deliciosas. (The red apples are delicious.) In this sentence, manzanas (apples) is feminine and plural, and rojas (red) must be feminine and plural.

– Los pájaros negros son hermosos. (The black birds are beautiful.) In this sentence, pájaros (birds) is masculine and plural, and negros (black) must be masculine and plural.


There are some exceptions to the adjective agreement rules in Spanish, and these exceptions are often irregular adjectives. However, most adjectives follow the regular rules we have outlined in this article.

In conclusion, mastering adjective agreement is essential for anyone learning the Spanish language. By following these rules, you will be able to communicate in a more accurate and natural way. Remember to pay attention to both gender and number agreement, and keep practicing until you feel confident in applying these rules.

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